Renewable Energy Accounted for 71% of India’s Power Generation Capacity Addition in FY24: Report

The CEEW-CEF Market Handbook

Renewable Energy Accounted for 71% of India’s Power Generation Capacity Addition in FY24: Report

Latest edition of the CEEW-CEF Market Handbook, says share of coal and lignite in India’s total installed capacity fell below 50% for the first time.

Renewable energy (RE) sources contributed 71% of the 26 GW of power generation capacity that India added in FY24, according to the latest edition of the CEEW Centre for Energy Finance (CEEW-CEF) Market Handbook.

The country’s total installed energy capacity has now reached 442 GW, of which 144 GW (33%) was RE and 47 GW (11%) came from hydroelectric.

Consequently, the coal and lignite share in India’s total installed capacity tipped below the 50% mark for the first time.

The CEEW-CEF Market Handbook also found that solar—grid-scale and rooftop—continued to dominate India’s RE capacity addition, accounting for 15 GW (or 81% of RE addition) in FY24. Wind capacity addition almost doubled and stood at 3.3 GW (2.3 GW in FY23). Notably, for the first time since FY17, nuclear capacity (1.4 GW) was added in FY24.

In line with India’s ambitious renewable energy goals, RE auctions reached a record with 41 GW of auctioned capacity in FY24, the report found. Further, in this financial year, eight auctions with energy storage components were concluded, indicating a growing shift towards innovative power procurement formats.

Gagan Sidhu, Director, CEEW-CEF, said, “The CEEW-CEF Market Handbook found that 95% of India’s targeted 50 GW annual RE bidding trajectory was met in FY24. Bids of 47.5 GW that were issued are approximately three times the RE capacity that has been added annually in recent years. Further, there is a clear tilt away from pure vanilla RE procurement. Innovative formats such as wind-solar hybrids, firm and dispatchable renewable energy (FDRE), and RE-plus-storage accounted for 37% of the capacity auctioned. Going forward, we can expect this share to increase further as innovative formats accounted for 57% of bids issued.”

The CEEW-CEF report also found that peak power demand (met) continued to rise in FY24 and reached a new high of 240 GW. This was due to factors such as a fast-growing economy and lower-than-expected rainfall in August 2023 and October 2023, above-normal temperatures in November 2023, and severe cold days during the winter months in North India. In terms of electricity demand (met), there was an uptick of 8% compared to FY23.

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